Debt Securities – What Types Are There?

In the world of debt and finance, there are a lot of confusing terms that aren’t always easy to understand. One of these confusing terms is debt securities. This is particularly difficult because there are so many different types of debt securities, and each has its own advantages and disadvantages.

In general, a debt security is a financial asset that entitles its owner to a stream of interest payments. The most common types of debt securities are bonds, though there are other kinds as well. How exactly do these work and what do you need to know about them? Keep reading to learn about debt securities and what types there are.

The Definition of Debt Securities

Debt securities are a type of debt that’s sold between parties before maturity. The name can be confusing, but it generally refers to a financial instrument that contains a promise from the issuer to pay the holder a defined amount of money. Ownership is easily transferred between parties, making it a good investment in many cases.

If you’re interested in investing, debt securities are a common choice. That being said, you need to know exactly what you’re getting into as well as how it works. It’s always a good idea to invest in multiple forms of income, and investing is a strong way to grow wealth if you know what you’re doing.

Types of Debt Securities

What are the different types of debt securities? While there is a long list, we’ll focus on the most common types. The most well-known, trusted types are:

  • Corporate bonds: A corporate bond is a debt security issued by corporations. On these, interest is paid semi-annually. The investor receives the face amount of this bond at the maturity date, and the interest rate depends on the individual’s credit. The longer the duration, the more risky this type of bond.
  • Municipal bonds: A municipal bond is issued by the government to fund projects or to meet other financial obligations. These are usually exempt from taxes, and they’re one of the most secure types of investments.
  • Treasury bonds: The Reserve Bank of Australia issues treasury notes and bonds. These bonds have a duration of over 10 years, and they’re some of the most secure in the world since they’re backed by the government. While their interest rates are also lower, they are a secure choice.
  • Savings bonds: You’ve likely heard of savings bonds. These are another form of debt security, and they accrue interest quarterly. Again, these are low risk, but they don’t pay very much in interest long-term.


As you can see, there are many different types of debt securities. They each offer their own pros and cons, and some are riskier investments than others. Ultimately, debt securities are seen as a stable type of investment, and they’re a good option for those new to the world of investing who want to dip their feet in the water.

Are Debt Securities Risky?

One of the biggest questions when making any investment decision is about riskiness. With debt securities, the borrower is legally required to make payments. This means they’re seen as less risky, especially compared to stocks.

However, the risk of a specific bond always depends on the situation. Choosing a company bond for a startup that’s just getting its footing in the market, for example, could be risky. On the other hand, a treasury bond is unlikely to have any big surprises long-term.

In general, debt securities are a smart investment. Investing is an accessible way to build wealth, but it shouldn’t be your only source of long-term wealth management. Instead, focus on learning strong money management skills long term. To begin, follow these tips:

  • Debt payoff: Bonds are a strong long-term investment option, but they should come after you’ve paid your debt. Living with debt is stressful, and it can get in the way of your investment strategy.
  • Emergency fund: Before you begin investing, always make sure you have an emergency fund and secure savings. These exist just in case life throws something unexpectedly your way.
  • Retirement: Additionally, ensure you have your retirement plan in place and that you’re on track to meet your goals.
  • Afford: Never invest more than you can afford to lose. While bonds are secure and less risky than other types of investing, don’t part with money you can’t afford to lose.

Understand Types of Investment

Ultimately, debt securities can be a great type of investment for someone looking to explore this option for growing wealth. While they don’t offer a large opportunity for a big payout, they’re more secure than other options for growing your wealth.

Recently, more and more people have considered investing as a way to build their own accounts. However, always be mindful of how your money is used and your long-term financial plan. For help with your money today as well as in the future, contact a skilled member of the Debt Buster team on 1300 368 322. With over 15 years of experience, we’re always here to help.

Speak to us today

Debt Busters is an Australian owned business which was founded in 2005 - since then we have been able to help thousands regain financial control.

Debt Busters prides itself on providing a dedicated Client Service Manager to work closer with you and provide a higher level of customised service about your situation.